She used these murals to legitimize her kingship and remain pharaoh until her death. To date, he and Osiris are one of the most chronicled male deities especially in relics and tablets both of which were referred to as the King of Gods. During the Ptolemaic Period, he is depicted as a man with four arms, the body of a beetle, the wings of the hawk, the legs of a human, and the paws of a lion. He is sometimes seen as a man with the head of the frog, uraeus or cobra.
Alexander the Great won acceptance as pharaoh by consulting the oracle at Siwa, and he also rebuilt the sanctuary of Amon’s temple at Luxor. The royal family, in honor of the deity, built several temples to his name – the most prominent of which are the Luxor Temple and the Great Temple in Karnak. Instead of featuring in a story myth, many writings about him tell how he helped people gain a victory or solve a problem. As a snake, he could regenerate himself by shedding his skin. Other depictions show Amun with a ramâs head.
The people there believed he was Gebel Barkal. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In the late 18th dynasty Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV) directed his religious reform against the traditional cult of Amon, but he was unable to convert people from their belief in Amon and the other gods, and, under Tutankhamen, Ay, and Horemheb (1332–1292 bce), Amon was gradually restored as the god of the empire and patron of the pharaoh. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Other countries equated Amun with their own deities: Over time, the Egyptians combined Amun with Ra to form Amun-Ra. document.write(a+b+c+d+e) The pharaoh Hatshepsut even claimed that her mother was impregnated by Amun in the guise of Pharaoh Thutmoses II. Amun was a creator god and a force that created life. Cite this page Among all the multitude of Egyptian deities, the god Amun was considered to be the king of the gods, a supreme creator-god. Amun-Ra was thought of as the father and protector of all the pharaohs of Egypt since then. Instead of featuring in a story myth, many writings about him tell how he helped people gain a victoryor solve a problem. 950 bce), Amon evolved into a universal god who intervened through oracles in many affairs of state. Worship of Amun was widespread and the pharaohsâ awarded the cult with land a percentage of the booty from conquests. The early Ptolemaic rulers contained Egyptian nationalism by supporting the temples, but, starting with Ptolemy IV Philopator in 207 bce, nationalistic rebellions in Upper Egypt erupted. © Hannah Pethen - Hatshepsut knealing before Amun. Many of the Eighteenth Dynasty kings commissioned frescos showing Amun-Ra fathering them. His statue would move (hidden priests manipulated it) to answer a question. Corrections?
Amun was a creator god and a force that created life. As the Eighteenth Dynasty progressed, Amun-Raâs cult grew in wealth and power. the popularity. He is also seen as a man with head of the ram or simply just as ram because at some point he was a god of fertility. Amun was part of the Thebean triad along with Mut and Khonsu (a triad was a group of three gods including a mother, a father and a child).
Moreover, the worship of Amon had become established among the inhabitants of Kush in the Sudan, who were accepted by Egyptian worshippers of Amon when they invaded Egypt and ruled as the 25th dynasty (715–664 bce). His temple at Karnak was among the largest and wealthiest in the land from the New Kingdom (1539–c. Three of these temples are those at Deir el-Medina, Luxor and Karnak: © Nick Dawson - Criosphinx statues at the temple of Amun at Karnak.
Amun wears several pieces of jewelry including a broad collar or necklace, bracelets and armlets.
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