minority examples

A racial, religious, ethnic, or political group smaller than and differing from the larger population in a community, nation, etc. On the other hand, there may be political, ideological, or moral impediments to the elimination of a minority, even if it is disliked. See more. The state or period of being younger than the age for legal adulthood. However, some minorities have, by custom or force, come to occupy distinctive economic niches in a society. and often regarded as having particular social or political advantages or disadvantages.

The claim of shareholders on the net assets of a company is known as a minority interest. Affirmative action is a controversial issue, which refers to policies that take factors including race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group. Another example of begrudging toleration can be seen in Britain in the 20-year period following 1950, which saw an influx of immigrants from the Caribbean, Pakistan, and India. Omissions? The dominant forces in such societies typically opt for amity or tolerance for one of two reasons. In some cases one or more so-called minority groups may have a population many times the size of the dominating group, as was the case in South Africa under apartheid (c. 1950–91). They typically devastate the economic, political, and mental health of the majority population as well. This is usually justified as countering the effects of a history of discrimination. In some places, subordinate ethnic groups may constitute a numerical majority, such as blacks in South Africa under apartheid. All Rights Reserved. For instance, the commercial trade of certain European countries in the 12th and 13th centuries depended on Jewish merchants, a circumstance that (for a time) prevented the anti-Semitic aristocracy and clergy from driving the Jews into exile. When you own less than 50 percent of a building, this is an example of a time when you own a minority interest. The lack of significant distinguishing characteristics keeps certain groups from being classified as minorities. Corrections? The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw widespread mob violence against minorities, including pogroms against Jews (in Russia) and lynchings of blacks, Roman Catholics, immigrants, and others (in the United States; see Ku Klux Klan). The period or condition of being under full legal age. On the one hand, the dominant majority may see no reason to rid themselves of the minority. In an open society the rank that the individual attains for himself is more important than the ranking of his social group.

... You can talk about a small minority (for example 8%) or a large minority (for example 40%). Pluralism occurs when one or more minority groups are accepted within the context of a larger society. Of or having to do with a group, political party, etc. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group.

A society in which internal groups make a practice of acculturation usually evolves through this inherent give and take, causing the minority culture to become more like the dominant group and the dominant culture to become increasingly eclectic and accepting of difference.

Minority rights allow individuals to practice their culture without fear of discrimination. For example, a Jewish man in the United States is considered a religious minority, while the same man in Israel would be part of the majority.

The company claims it has hired several minorities since the complaint was lodged. Every large society contains ethnic minorities: subgroups that share a common heritage, which often consists of a shared language, culture (often including a religion), or ideology that stresses common ancestry or endogamy. Minority rights are generally the same as anybody else's, but there are certain exceptions.

An open society, on the other hand, allows the individual to change his role and to benefit from corresponding changes in status. ). Affirmative action can, for example, take the form of a government program to provide immigrant or minority groups who primarily speak a marginalized language with extra teaching in the majority language, so that they are better able to compete for places at university or for jobs. In this case, while minority status can be conditioned by a clear numerical difference, more significantly it refers to issues of political power. The mid-20th-century Holocaust, in which Nazis exterminated more than six million Jews and an equal number of other “undesirables” (notably Roma, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and homosexuals), is recognized as the most egregious example of genocide in the modern era. The tendency to develop an identifiable Christian culture is apparent even when Christians live in an environment that has been shaped and... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A closed society is one in which an individual’s role and function can theoretically never be changed, as in the traditional Hindu caste system. However, complete assimilation is very rare.

Minority Interest . A minority may disappear from a society via assimilation, a process through which a minority group replaces its traditions with those of the dominant culture. A group of less than half of eligible voters. Although exclusion (for example, the very word minority) is more politically popular to talk about, inclusion is a far more powerful way to get people pulling together.

The abbreviation “LGBT” is currently used to group these identities together. Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. The term queer is sometimes understood as an umbrella term for all non-normative sexualities and gender expressions but does not always signify a minority; rather, as with many gay rights activists of the 1960s and 1970s, it sometimes represents an attempt to highlight sexual diversity in everyone. The tendency to develop an identifiable Christian culture is apparent even when Christians live in an environment that has been shaped and is characterized by a non-Christian religion.

The median education level of Asian Americans, for example, is higher than that of non–Asian Americans, and their average unemployment rates are lower. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minority_group, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affirmative_action, http://www.boundless.com//sociology/definition/minority-group, http://www.boundless.com//sociology/definition/minority, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/affirmative_action, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fauqd81FKbI, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Longhorn_Miao_China.jpg. A person from a non-Caucasian race is an example of a minority. Affirmative action refers to policies that take factors, such as race, religion, sexual orientation, or national origin into account in order to benefit an underrepresented group. Members of the Long-horn Tribe: This tribe is a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province, China. For instance, the degree of social mobility of a member of a minority group depends on whether the society in which he lives is closed or open. For example, suppose that Company A acquires a controlling interest of 75 percent in Company B. Updates? Minority rights regularly change in conjunction with minority status, which is determined by location. Many examples of minority expulsion exist, as with the British deportation of the French population of Acadia, a group that became known as Cajuns, in 1755. While in most societies the numbers of men and women are roughly equal, the status of women as a oppressed group has led some, such as feminists and other participants in women’s rights movements, to identify them as a minority group. Such relationships can be harmonious, but they often are problematic. Persons belonging to religious minorities have a faith which is different from that held by the majority population or the population group that is in power. Efforts to forcibly eliminate a minority from a society have ranged from expulsion to mob violence, ethnic cleansing, and genocide. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The term “minority” is applied to various groups who hold few or no positions of power in a given society. Rather, they are disadvantaged by technologies and social institutions that are designed to cater to the dominant, hearing-unimpaired group. Graham Hill Independent CRM Consultant The term minority doesn’t necessarily refer to a numeric minority. In addition to their small numbers and distinctive ethnicity from the larger Han Chinese majority, they are considered a minority given their relative lack of power in China’s larger political structure. Example of Minority Interest . This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/minority, Social Science LibreTexts Library - Dominant and Minority Groups, minority groups - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In Japan, for example, the ethnic majority, as measured by the government, embraces some 99 percent of the population; Koreans, the only measurable minority, make up less than half a percent. It is also subjectively applied by its members, who may use their status as the basis of group identity or solidarity.

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Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Minority group status is also categorical in nature: an individual who exhibits the physical or behavioral characteristics of a given minority group will be accorded the status of that group and be subject to the same treatment as other members of that minority group.

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