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Through modification of the old glass, his bowl organ with the bowls and set sideways with overlapping spun using a foot pedal. He joined the Freemasons in 1731 and was eventually elected grand master of the Masons of Pennsylvania. In 1751, Franklin developed the concept of a subscription library where members paid a fee and shared books amongst themselves. Franklin became a hit writer as a teenager. However, he did not free his own slaves during his lifetime. Public Library: In the early 18th century, books were mainly available to wealthy people, whom had their own private libraries. His investigations into electrical phenomena were compiled into “Experiments and Observations on Electricity,” published in England in 1751. Franklin had a lifelong love of swimming that began during his childhood in Boston. Ben Franklin invented many things that are still used today. 2. The largesse came with an unusual caveat: for its first 100 years, the money was to be placed in a trust and only used to provide loans to local tradesmen. When Franklin died the French National Assembly declared a day of mourning. His mother was Abiah Folger, a home maker. Franklin was the oldest delegate to sign the Constitution at 81 years old. In 1775, Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress and appointed the first postmaster general for the colonies. In 1728 when he was 22 he wrote his own epitaph. At the end of 1732, Franklin published the first edition of Poor Richard’s Almanack. Franklin’s passionate denunciation of the tax in testimony before Parliament, however, contributed to the Stamp Act’s repeal in 1766. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, in what was then known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Boston and. He was 15th overall in the birth order, and he was the youngest of five brothers. As a boy Franklin loved swimming. When he was 16 years old, he read a book by Englishman Thomas Tryon recommending a meat-free diet. The two times Franklin moved to London, in 1757 and again in 1764, it was without Deborah, who refused to leave Philadelphia. The letters called for the restriction of the rights of colonists, which caused a firestorm after their publication by Boston newspapers. Franklin had soured on the monarchy by the time he returned to the United States for the Second Continental Congress in 1775, but his past support for King George III earned him the suspicion of many of his fellow patriots. He even invented a new English alphabet based on the Latin Having lived in London for several years and held royal appointments, he instead pushed for peaceful compromise and the preservation of the empire, once writing that, “every encroachment on rights is not worth a rebellion.”. His first invention was swimming fins for the hands. Franklin’s birth certificate says that he was born on January 6, 1706, but on September 2, 1752 the British colonies changed to a different calendar. tradition established by the authors he read such as Daniel Defoe, but the names he chose were usually tongue-in-cheek, in keeping with Franklin's unique brand of wit. He was very bright and had a very curious mind. 8. He claimed for this and explained in his autobiography for this. Founding universities and libraries, the post office, shaping the foreign policy of the fledgling United States, helping to draft the Declaration of Independence, publishing newspapers, warming us with the Franklin stove, pioneering advances in science, letting us see with bifocals and lighting our way with electricity—all from a man who never finished school but shaped his life through abundant reading and experience, a strong moral compass and an unflagging commitment to civic duty. Despite never running for elected office, he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, diplomat and ambassador to France and Sweden, the first postmaster general and the president of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania. But the Work shall not be Lost; For it will (as he Believ'd) Appear once More In a New and More Elegant Edition Revised and Corrected By the Author.”, In the end, however, the stone on the grave he shared with his wife in the cemetery of Philadelphia’s Christ Church reads simply, “Benjamin and Deborah Franklin 1790.”. Franklin helped to draft the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, and he negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War. The founding father was a vegetarian. Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father and a polymath, inventor, scientist, printer, politician, freemason and diplomat. He moved into a new house in 1748. The pus, or abscess, presses on the lungs, causing breathing difficulty and in He gave some theory principle on electricity and priceless invents to science like electric sod, bifocals, Franklin stove and glass armonica. George Washington, a Founding Father of the United States, led the Continental Army to victory in the Revolutionary War and was America’s first president. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. 7. He spent his later years as an abolitionist. Franklin’s later support for the patriot cause put him at odds with his loyalist son. He remained a vegetarian for the rest of his life, although he allowed himself lapses from time to time. Before he was a Founding Father, the multifaceted, ever-experimental Benjamin Franklin was a great many other things—from street performer to political cartoonist, and even a middle-aged widow. Benjamin Harrison is best known as the 23rd president of the United States. In 1787, he helped found the Society for Political Inquiries, dedicated to improving knowledge of government. Young Benjamin made up for his lack of schooling by spending what little money he earned on books, often going without food to afford new volumes. Franklin served as president of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and wrote many tracts urging the abolition of slavery. Therefore, at midnight on September 2, 1752, it legally became September 14 and Franklin’s new birthday became January 17. With the cash Franklin earned from his money-related treatise, he was able to purchase The Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper from a former boss. He explained with electrical experiments and gave the concepts of “positive” and “negative” charge. He had 16 siblings, but four of them died at birth. Franklin was embraced in France as much, if not more, for his wit and intellectual standing in the scientific community as for his status as a political appointee from a fledgling country. Franklin Pierce, the 14th president of the United States, signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, prompting a bloody conflict over Kansas' slavery status. By these writings, he became famous and lives till today in the form of his works. Since 1928 Franklin’s portrait has been in the $100 bill. While living in England in the 1760s, he displayed such an impressive array of swimming strokes during a dip in Thames that a friend offered to help him open his own swimming school. The Franklin stove, an iron fireplace that produced less smoke and used less wood. Copyright © 2015 - Present All Rights Reserved. Sick of the toil and beatings he endured as James’ apprentice, the teenaged sensation then fled Boston the following year and settled in Philadelphia, the city that would remain his adopted hometown for the rest of his life. Franklin sailed to London to negotiate a long-standing dispute with the proprietors of the colony, the Penn family, taking William and his two enslaved people but leaving behind Deborah and Sarah. on slavery changed. The letters were hugely popular, and Mrs. Dogood soon received several marriage proposals from eligible bachelors in Boston. During that time, he instituted regular mail routes, a standard fee structure and an internal auditing system. Ben became one of the first volunteer fire departments in America that is called the Union Fire Company, but mostly known as “Benjamin Franklin’s Bucket Brigade”. On August 27, 1783 Franklin witnessed the first hydrogen balloon flight. PBS: Benjamin Franklin. 10 Interesting Facts About Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin was an author, politician, scientist, musician, inventor, statesman and diplomat. He also donated money that funded scholarships, schools and museums in Boston and Philadelphia. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. 24 Benjamin Franklin Facts for Kids Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. His father was Josiah Franklin, soap and candle maker. Franklin fanned the flames of revolution by sending the private letters of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson to America. As an envoy to Europe, Franklin stood before 5 kings. That is why we have leap year. Although he only had two years of formal schooling, Ben Franklin spoke four languages: English, French, Spanish and Italian. While living in London in 1768, Franklin embarked on a project “to give the alphabet a more natural order.” Annoyed by the many inconsistencies in English spelling, he devised his own phonetic system that ditched the redundant consonants C, J, Q, W, X and Y and added six new letters, each designed to represent its own specific vocal sound. 9. URL. The image of Franklin that has come down through history, along with his likeness on the $100 bill, is something of a caricature—a bald man in a frock coat holding a kite string with a key attached.

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