temperate zone temperature

These include humid subtropical climate, Mediterranean climate, oceanic, and continental climate.

Therefore, they still have four marked seasons including a warmer one, but are far more influenced by the polar zones than any other but the very polar climates (tundra and ice cap climate). The south temperate zone extends from (approximately 23.5° south) to the Antarctic Circle (approximately 66.5° south).[4][5]. The classic temperate habitat is the temperate deciduous forest, but this climate also includes grasslands and coniferous woodlands. Hurricanes are an annual hazard along the Gulf of Mexico and up the lower Mississippi valley.

[2][3], The north temperate zone extends from (approximately 23.5° north) to the Arctic Circle (approximately 66.5° north latitude).

Mostly polewards of humid continental zones this climate features extremely cold and long winters, with short mild summers. Tropical air spreads north in February and dominates the region until November, when polar continental air occasionally invades. This is the closest to the polar climates of all four-season temperate climates, as practically all of the year is set up by extremely low temperatures, except for summer. Forests dominate the humid regions and once covered about two-thirds of North America; grassland, scrub, desert vegetation, or tundra typify the dry third of the continent. There are a couple factors why the climate of large city landscapes differs from the climate of rural areas. It sits at the latitude of 23.5 degree to 35 degree.

The oceanic temperate zone does not experience temperature swings on the same scale as the continental region. Winters are mild, with January means of 40 to 54 °F (4 to 12 °C). Other articles where Temperate zone is discussed: Australia: Vegetation: The Temperate Zone, with a cool-to-warm (temperate-to-subtropical) climate and precipitation mostly in winter, is arced across the southern margin, embracing Tasmania and extending up the eastern seaboard to overlap slightly with the Tropical Zone. Temperate zone definition, the part of the earth's surface lying between the tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere or between the tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere, and characterized by having a climate that is warm in the summer, cold in the winter, and moderate in the spring and fall.

The oceanic temperate zone does not experience temperature swings on the same scale as the continental region. [8], Temperate regions have the majority of the world's population, which leads to large cities. The vast majority of the world's human population resides in temperate zones, especially in the northern hemisphere, due to its greater mass of land. Areas with subpolar oceanic climates feature an oceanic climate but are usually located closer to polar regions.

Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Snowfall tends to be more common here than in other oceanic climates. These factors have led to the average climate of cities to be warmer than surrounding areas.[8]. These zones generally have wider temperature ranges throughout the year and more distinct seasonal changes compared to tropical climates, where such variations are often small. "Temperate Climate" refers to climates between Polar and Tropical.

Additionally, both temperate and tropical species can be found side by side in the far southern portions of the temperate zone (for example in central Florida), while subarctic species might be found growing in northern portions of the continental zone (for example in Northwest Europe). With less moderating effect from ocean currents and more influence from tropical and polar large-size continental land air-masses they feature more extreme temperatures in each respective season, with summers getting as hot as those of subtropical or tropical climates and winters as cold as in subpolar climates. Chief dry areas lie in the American Southwest, where a combination of the midlatitude high-pressure belt, the tropical continental air mass, and rain shadow effects behind the high Sierra Nevada has led to lack of rainfall. With summers of 80 to 82 °F (27 to 28 °C), the mean annual temperature range is lower than the usual daily range, a characteristic which is markedly different from most of North America. Rainfall is ample (40 to 60 inches [1,000 to 1,500 mm]) and benefits from the presence of the Colorado and Texas low-pressure systems and from thunderstorms that flare up on warm afternoons in the tropical maritime air.

The temperate zones (latitudes from 23.5° to the polar circles at about 66.5°, north and south) are where the widest seasonal changes occur, with most climates found in it having some influence from both the tropics and the poles. About one-third of North America, including the high Arctic latitudes, has a dry climate. Summer winds blow from the continent outward, discounting the effect of Pacific subtropical air. Temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) have been recorded on rare occasions in some areas of this climate, and in winter temperatures down to −20 °C (−4 °F) have seldom been recorded in some areas. However, there is a gradual change from polar to tropical climates across the middle latitude temperate zones. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!

These climates are frequently cloudy, and are fairly milder both in winter and summer in comparison to other temperate climates. In the most marine of those areas affected by this regime, temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) are extreme weather events, even in the midst of summer.

With summers of 80 to 82 °F (27 to 28 °C), the mean annual temperature range is lower than the usual daily range, a characteristic which is markedly different from most of North America.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Rainfall is ample and regular, with 45 to 80 inches (1,100 to 2,000 mm) where the easterly trade winds blow onshore. These include humid subtropical climate, Mediterranean climate, oceanic, and continental climate. The other large factor is the burning of fossil fuels from buildings and vehicles. The Great Plains, from the South Saskatchewan River to Mexico, are semiarid, with 8 to 15 inches (200 to 380 mm) of rainfall; the high mid-continental jet stream usually is depressed southward over them, strengthening down-moving dry wind from across the Rockies and tending to fend off cyclones from tropical gulf or polar continental air masses. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. Similarly, in the majority of oceanic zones even during the winter the temperature seldom drops far below 40°F (4°C).

The intermontane region of the United States and Mexico, from the Columbia River basin to Guadalajara, and the Pacific coast from San Diego, California, south to Mazatlán, Mexico, are therefore arid, receiving less than 10 inches (250 mm) of rain per year. The classification used for this regime is Cfc. For the usage of the term in virology, see, Humid subtropical (Cfa) and monsoon subtropical (Cwa), Continental (Dfa, Dwa, Dsa, Dfb, Dwb, Dsb), Boreal/subpolar (Dfc, Dwc, Dsc, Dfd, Dwd, Dsd), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Köppen–Geiger climate map of Temperate climates, "Weather & Climate Change: Climates around the world", "Solar Illumination: Seasonal and Diurnal Patterns", "Hypsographic demography: The distribution of human population by altitude", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temperate_climate&oldid=985062248, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 18:46. Fish-eating hawks and eagles abound. The word climate means the weather conditions of an area over a long period of time. The temperate climate, which looks similar with the tropics, is found on the subtropical. Extreme winters or summers have a huge impact on the productivity of agriculture. Much of the United States, Europe and the southern half … All of the countries located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle, in the northern hemisphere, and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle, in the southern hemisphere, are generally considered part of the temperate zone. The long frost-free season exceeds 200 days.

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