(2010), The silencing of women from the Pakistani Muslim Mirpuri community in violent relationships. Watta satta or shighar (Urdu: ،شغار،وٹہ سٹہ ), is an exchange marriage common in Pakistan and Afghanistan.. Over three out of four women in watta satta marriage are married to a blood relative, mostly first-cousins with a preference for the paternal side; of the rest, majority are married to someone unrelated by blood but within the same zaat and biradari (a form of clan in Muslim communities of Pakistan) or clan. (Volume VI), Watta Satta: Bride Exchange and Women’s Welfare in Rural Pakistan, PAKISTAN: Traditional marriages ignore HIV/AIDS threat, Dead Yemeni Child Bride Was Tied Up, Raped, Says Mom, CHALLENGES, PROBLEMS AND FACED BY THE RURAL WOMEN A CASE STUDY OF BALOCHISTAN, Watta Satta: Exchange Marriage and Women’s Welfare in Rural Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Watta_satta&oldid=984227047, Marriage, unions and partnerships in Pakistan, Marriage, unions and partnerships in Afghanistan, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Zaman, Muhammad (2011) Exchange Marriages in South Punjab, Pakistan: A Sociological Analysis of Kinship Structure, Agency, and Symbolic Culture.  It enables a form of social pressure and reciprocity, wherein a man who abuses his wife is expected to be deterred by the possibility that his own sister will suffer from similar or more severe retaliation by the brother of his wife. That is our guarantee and what we promise you. It is locally called falen-ni-falen. , In Pakistan it is typically endogamous, with over 75% marriages involving blood relatives, and 90% of these marriages occurring within the same village, tribe or clan (zaat, biraderi). (2004).  Copyright © IDM 2020, unless otherwise noted. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar.
Incorporated in Malaysia in 1974, Watta Battery Industries Sdn. , The custom of bartering brides is also observed in Muslim agrarian societies of Afghanistan. Only you can choose whether or not to guarantee you or your company a great experience.
2011. In our view, construction should be a rewarding experience filled with honor, straightforwardness, and the most favorable economic efficiencies.
Watta Satta: Bride Exchange and Women's Welfare in Rural Pakistan, The American Economic Review, 100(4), 1804-1825. The custom involves the simultaneous marriage of a brother-sister pair from two households.
(18880-U) (WATTA) started off by manufacturing plates and components for the re-conditioning of automobile batteries. Check out variant for Watt abbreviation in Construction
 This practice is often a means to reduce or evade dowry, and as such is prohibited in Islam, although it is prevalent in Saudi Arabia.
Bartered brides: politics, gender and marriage in an Afghan tribal society (Vol. The Encyclopedia of Islam, Bosworth et al. World Psychiatry, 3(1), Charsley, K. (2007), Risk, trust, gender and transnational cousin marriage among British Pakistanis, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30(6), pp 1117-1131, Zaman, M., & Wohlrab-Sahr, M. (2010). VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Jacoby, H. G., & Mansuri, G. (2010).
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Watts is your development, design and construction consultant. Obstructed individualization and social anomie. All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. Fancy a game? We can help you overcome the imperfect business of personalities, design, and construction, giving you not only a great overall experience, but the rewards that only come from a job well done. In some cases, it involves uncle-niece pairs, or cousin pairs.
The Journal of African History, 45(3), pp 421-444. Islamization from Below: The Making of Muslim Communities in Rural French Sudan, 1880–1960.
Have a look at the English-Arabic dictionary by bab.la. , The rationale for watta satta custom has been theorized as an environment with generally low and uncertain incomes, weak or uncertain legal institutions of the state, watta satta may be the most effective means available to the poor to prevent marital discord, divorces and domestic abuse. Definition of Compression in Construction Compression is a term that describes a force within a structural system that squeezes down , across or even up, on another structural member or immobile component .
Is another way of saying "what a" Get a watta mug for your fish Yasemin. watta f sister; References “watta” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien In some cases, it involves uncle-niece pairs, or cousin pairs. 74). SLAVE EMANCIPATION, TRANS-LOCAL SOCIAL PROCESSES AND THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN FRENCH COLONIAL BUGUNI (SOUTHERN MALI), 1893–1914. Cambridge University Press, Beswick, S. (2012). The process is a journey. Thus, watta satta, in theory, provides a non-institutional ex-ante provisions to reflect the interests of the wife and her family in deterring or mitigating ex-post malfeasance on the part of the husband. Watta satta is cited as a cause of both low domestic violence in some families, and conversely for extreme levels of reciprocal domestic violence in others. In Individualisierungen (pp.
Honour, Violence, Women and Islam, 29, Niaz, U.
South Asia Research, 28(3), 285-298. These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate.
In practice, Over 50% of watta satta marriages are within the same village; on a geographical level, over 80% of women either live in the same village of their birth or report being able to visit it and return home in the same day. A husband who abuses his wife in this arrangement can expect his brother-in-law to retaliate in-kind against his sister. We can join your team at any point in the cycle, from development through construction however, the earlier you have an experienced partner like Watts on board the better off you will be with scheduling, risk management, buying power and overall economics. (2004), Women's mental health in Pakistan. , Bride exchange between two families is also seen as an informal way to limit demands and consequences of dower (brideprice, mahr) and dowry disputes. Looking for the definition of WATA?
This is prevalent in Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries. In practice, in addition to peace in two families, extreme forms of escalating, retaliatory domestic violence have been observed. , Watta satta is implicitly an endogamous form of marriage. , Shighar is the practice of exchanging brides between two families, where the girl and dowry of one family is exchanged for a girl and dowry from another family. The process is a journey.
Did you know? Frankfurt (M)/ Berlin: Peter Lang Publisher, [Zaman, Muhammad. Lindisfarne, N., & Tapper, N. (1991).
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